Copyright Statement


There are two primary models journals should consider with regards to copyright:

  • Author retains copyright 
  • Author transfers copyright to the journal 

Additionally, journals need to consider how the articles will be licensed to the reader. That is, what are readers permitted to do with the articles -- can they share them? Translate them? Repost them on their own websites etc.?

Typically open access journals will choose one of several Creative Commons' licenses for their journals' content. 

Author Retains Copyright

Many open access journals permit authors to retain their copyright. This means that the author has full control over the work (e.g. retains the right to reuse, distribute, republish etc.). In this scenario, the author will often license the right of first publication to the journal. 


  • Permits authors to retain the rights to their work


  • Limits what the journal can do with the work without expressly seeking permission from the author.


In most cases, the author will license to the journal the right of first publication. A typical statement in the journal to this effect would look something like this: 

Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons XX License... 

This statement could appear to during the journal's submission process (for example in Step 3 of the OJS setup). Alternately, it could be drafted into a document for the author to sign. 

The author may elect to license certain other rights to the journal. If the journal is interested in maintaining certain rights beyond the right of first publication, they may include those in the submission process. 


Further Recommendation:

Include in the layout of the journal's articles a copyright statement:

© <authors name – this makes it clear the copyright remains with the author>. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons License XX (include link), which permits [include here permissions under this license].


Journal Retains Copyright

This model is more common with traditional, subscription-based journals. It is less commons for open access journals.  

In this model, the author transfers the copyright and the associated rights along with it to the journal. This means the journal is now responsible for the article. The journal can elect to license back certain rights to the author. 


  • Journal does not need to seek permission from authors to do various activities with the article (e.g. republish in an edited book)


  • Since the journal is now the 'owner' of the article, any permissions that outside users seek for the article go through the journal. This is an additional administrative task the journal has to provide for. 
  • Limits the rights of the authors 

A sample statement for journal following this model would look something like this:

We, [the author(s)]  by signing this form hereby assign worldwide copyright of the Work in all forms and media (whether now known, or hereafter developed), in all languages for the full term of copyright and all extensions and renewals thereof.

This statement could appear to during the journal's submission process (for example in Step 3 of the OJS setup). Alternately, it could be drafted into a document for the author to sign. 


Copyright does not have to be an all or nothing game. The author could transfer copyright to a journal but the journal could elect to license back to the author certain rights (e.g. right to post the article on a personal website, the right to re-use images in future publications etc.). Elsevier and Wiley's copyright transfer agreements provide examples of this variety. 

Further Recommendation:

Include the in layout of the journal's articles:

© [Journal name]. For permissions contact [contact information]